Catering Glossary

diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic dysfunction which causes increased blood sugar levels. The body produces too little, or no insulin, a hormone which regulates blood sugar. The disease must be treated to avoid subsequent damage (e.g. heart attack, stroke). There are two types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: influenced by hereditary factors. Must be treated with insulin injection.
  • Type 2 diabetes: among other causes are unhealthy nutrition and overweight. 

Diabetes is initially treated with diet adjustment (reduction of fat and carbohydrates) and physical exercise to reduce weight. Advanced states are treated with insulin.